Modern treaties (also known as Land Claims Agreements) are unique in the world, and they are important shapers of the relationships between First Nations, Inuit and Métis (Indigenous peoples), and Canada. Since 1975, 25 modern treaties have been signed, recognizing Indigenous ownership of more than 600,000 square kilometers of land. Many more will be signed in the coming years.
These agreements are fundamentally changing Canada by re-establishing Indigenous knowledge systems in all areas that impact our lives, including land, resource and economic development, education, health, and social services, environmental protection, and governance. While the agreements affect specific areas of Canada, their impact is felt throughout the country, and they will increasingly shape the political, cultural, economic, and social landscape.